Recently, Ivywood’s fifth graders concluded studying the Reformation, in History. As part of their study, the students did a reenactment of Galileo’s trial from 1633, where his world of humanism collided with the absolute power of the Catholic Church. The fifth graders learned that up until the work of Copernicus and Galileo, people had accepted the Ptolemaic system, which said that the Earth was stationary and at the center of the universe. The Ptolemaic system fit well with the teaching of the Catholic Church that the heavens were perfect and unchanging. The fifth grade class divided into two teams that made arguments for and against Galileo regarding his belief that the sun was at the center of the universe and that the Earth, the other planets, and the stars moved around it. This time, Galileo and his belief that the Earth revolves around the sun prevailed.